Economic Survey Spring 2011
|Aihe:||National economy, National finances|| |
|Julkaisusarja ja -numero:||Ministry of Finance publications 15b/2011|| |
|Osasto:||Economics Department|| |
|Saatavuus:||Juvenes Print|| |
|Tekijäorganisaatio:||Ministry of Finance|| |
The Finnish economy is forecast to record annual growth of 3.6% in 2011. Strong external demand is accelerating the growth of exports, which is pushing up capacity utilization rates. As a result it is expected that investment will gather pace and that economic growth will expand. It is thought that all demand items will contribute positively to growth, with exports emerging as the strongest driver. The projected unemployment rate is 7.6%, which in annual average terms is almost one percentage point lower than in 2010. Rising raw materials prices coupled with higher market interest rates will push inflation to over three per cent in 2011. Output growth in 2012 is expected to come in at 2.7% and the unemployment rate to edge down to 7.2%.
Finland's strong public finances deteriorated sharply with the economic crisis, but the deficit in 2009 and 2010 did not exceed the 3% threshold specified in the Stability and Growth Pact. Public finances are set to improve in 2011 in the wake of economic recovery, tax hikes and the withdrawal of temporary stimulus measures. The general government deficit in 2011 is 0.9% of GDP. Although public finances will improve on the back of economic recovery, it is projected that without additional measures, they will continue to remain in deficit in 2015.